The Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

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Blood glucose monitor and flex pen for injecting insulin.
 

Diabetes is an increasingly serious problem in the USA, and is a medical condition characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood.

The blood sugar hurts the kidneys, raises blood pressure, and contributes to heart disease. As such, untreated diabetes can lead to kidney failure, heart attacks, and amputations.

Right now, about 20 million people have diabetes, of which an astonishing 6 million don’t know they have it. The economic cost is staggering, an estimated $116 billion annually.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

  • inability to concentrate
  • irritability
  • fatigue
  • frequent urination
  • increased thirst

Your risk of diabetes is even higher if you have

  • a BMI over 25
  • a sedentary lifestyle
  • a family history of diabetes
  • hypertension
  • elevated cholesterol levels

How is Diabetes Treated?

Diabetes is first treated as minimally as possible. First diet modification, exercise and weight loss are recommended. If this does not adequately lower blood sugar levels, then a medication may be added such as insulin.

What are the types of Diabetes?

Type 1 is a chronic disease that develops because the pancreas stops producing adequate levels of insulin. While this is rarely reversible, it is relatively easy to treat via artificially providing insulin.

In contrast, Type 2 diabetes develops commonly because of lifestyle choices such as being sedentary. As such, it is more reversible. On the other hand, it is also less treatable when it does develop.

The problem with Type 2 is not that the pancreas stops producing adequate amounts of insulin. Instead, the body starts to become resistant to it. That means that it has to produce ever-increasing amounts of insulin to get the body to digest sugar properly. And injecting insulin artificially doesn’t do as much to help because the body is already resistant to it.

As such, it’s very important to recognize when someone has elevated levels of blood sugar and is at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Very often with appropriate lifestyle changes, and possibly medication, the diabetes can be avoided altogether.

Blood Sugar Optimizer – Naturally optimize blood sugar levels and improve glucose metabolism

Sources:

Prediabetes
Diabetes Update 2009

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Pharmaceutical analyst who loves blogging about health and medical issues. Has written more than 150 articles and a book on attention deficit disorder. Correctly predicted delayed approval of Bydureon, approval of Provenge by FDA, and the non-approval of Acthar on June 11.

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